The University of Leipzig, one of the Germany's oldest centres of learning, founded in 1409, soon attracted students from all over the world. Goethe, the father of German Literature, studied in Leipzig, deferentially describing the city as a "Little Paris". Leipzig's centre measuring about 1 square kilometre contains numerous architectural gems documenting its illustrious history as a city of commerce, culture and communication.
The Old City Hall was built by Leipzig's Mayor Hieronymous Lotter in 1556/1557 in nine months. It is one of the most
magnificent Renaissance buildings in Germany, it now houses the museum of City History.
The name "City of Music" is based on the activity of great musicians. The most famous among them were undoubtedly Johann
Sebastian Bach and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy. The former was Cantor of the St. Thomas' Church from 1723 to 1750
establishing the world wide fame of the Thomanerchor, the boy's choir of that church. Mendelssohn conducted the
Gewandhausorchester from 1835 to 1847. This name is also based on the performances of the MDR Symphony Orchestra,
the Leipzig Opera Company, the College of Music choral music and music publication.
The German Library and the University library belong to the greatest German book archives. More than 20 museums of art, history
and commemmoration are important components of the city panorama, the greatest of them: The Monument to the Battle of the